Microelement provision of cows of the western region of Ukraine

Keywords: trace elements, biogeochemical zone, blood invert, hemoglobin, anemia


The article presents the results of research on the content of trace elements: Cobalt, Zinc, Copper and Manganese in the soils, fodder and blood of cows of the black and spotted Ukrainian breed in farms from the mountain, foothill and plain zones of the Western region of Ukraine. The western biogeochemical zone of Ukraine includes Zakarpattia, Lviv, Chernivtsi, Ternopil, Volyn and Rivne regions.

It was established (mg per 1 kg of soil) that the amount of Cobalt was 0.5 mg/kg; Cuprum – 7.2; Zinc – 3.1; Manganese – 6.5; in the foothills – Cobalt – 0.6; Cuprum – 4.5; Zinc – 1.8; Manganese – 32; in the plain – Cobalt – 0.55; Cuprum – 5.0; Zinc – 1.5; Manganese – 39. During the analysis of the rations, it was established that the provision of other mineral substances did not meet the physiological needs. Thus, in the diets of cows from mountain, foothill and plain regions, an excess of Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium and Ferrum and a deficiency of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Zinc, Cobalt, Iodine and Copper were observed.

Clinical studies of cows indicate the prevalence of trace element diseases in them. Anemia of visible mucous membranes and non-pigmented areas of the skin was recorded in cows, the number of erythrocytes in animals of the mountain zone was 5.7±0.29 T/l, in the foothills – 5.8±0.29, and in the plains – 6.2±0.30 T / l. The hemoglobin content in the blood of cows in the mountain zone was at the level of 97.0±5.40 g/l, in the foothills – 94.0±5.30, and in the plain zone – 98.0±3.70 g/l. Physiological values of the number of erythrocytes in the blood of cows range from 5.0–7.5 T/l, and the hemoglobin content – 95–125 g/l.


Download data is not yet available.


Klitsenko, G. T., Kulyk, M. F., Kosenko, M. V. ta in. (2001). Mineralne zhyvlennya tvaryn [Mineral nutrition of animals]. Kyv [In Ukranian].

Sedilo, H. M. (2002). Rol mineralnykh rechovyn u protsesakh vovnoutvorennya [The role of mineral substances in the processes of wool formation]. Lviv: Afisha [In Ukranian].

Valldecabres A., Silva-del-Rнo N. First-milking colostrum mineral concentrations and yields: Com-parison to second milking and associations with serum mineral concentrations, parity, and yield in multiparous Jersey cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 2022. Vol. 105, I. 3. P. 2315-2325. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2021-21069.

Dirksen G., Grьnder H.- D., Stцber M. Innere Me-dizin und Chirurgie des Rinders. Berlin: Parey, 2002. 1283 p.

Levchenko V. I., Vlizlo V. V., Kondrakhin I. P. ta in.; (2015). Vnutrishni khvoroby tvaryn [Internal diseases of animals]. Bila Tserkva. [In Ukranian]

Levchenko, V. I., Vlizlo V. V., Kondrakhin I. P. ta in.; (2017). Klinichna diahnostyka khvorob tvaryn. [Deaf Clinical diagnosis of animal diseases]Bila Tserkva, . [In Ukranian]

Levchenko, V. I., Vlizlo V.V. (2019). Veterynarna klinichna biokhimiya. [Veterinary clinical bioche-mistry]. Textbook. Bila Pidruchnyk. Bila Tserkva [In Ukranian]

Levchenko, V. I., Slovinska, L. H., Vlizlo, V. V. ta in. (2012). Anemiya koriv u zakhidniy bioheok-himichniy zoni Ukrayiny (etiolohiya, diahnostyka, likuvannya ta profilaktyka): metodychni rekomendat-siyi [Anemia of cows in the western biogeochemical zone of Ukraine (etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention): methodical recommendations]. Bila Tserkva, [In Ukranian]

Hurskyy, R. Y. (2006). Mikroelementozna nedos-tatnist u zakhidnykh bioheokhimichnykh provintsi-yakh Ivano-Frankivskoyi oblasti ta metody yiyi korektsiyi [Trace element deficiency in the western biogeochemical provinces of Ivano-Frankivsk region and methods of its correction]. Vet. med. Ukrayiny, 3, 36-38. [In Ukranian]

Vlizlo, V. V. (2012). Laboratorni metody doslidzhen u biolohiyi tvarynnytstvi ta veterynarniy medytsyni. Dovidnyk [Laboratory methods of research in the biology of animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. Directory]. Lviv: SPOLOM [In Ukranian]

Vlizlo, V. V., Solohub, L. I., Yanovych, V. H., Antonyak, H. L., Yanovych, D. O. (2006). Biokhimichni osnovy normuvannya mineralnoho zhyvlennya velykoyi rohatoyi khudoby. 2. Mikroele

menty [Biochemical bases of rationing of mineral nutrition of cattle. 2. Microelements]. Biolohiya tvaryn, 8 (1-2), 41-62 [In Ukranian]

Guimaraes, O., Wagner, J. J., Spears, J. W., Brandao, V. L. N., Engle, T. E. Trace mineral source influences digestion, ruminal fermentation, and ruminal copper, zinc, and manganese distribution in steers fed a diet suitable for lactating dairy cows. Animal. 2022. Vol. 16. I. 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.animal.2022.100500.

Vlizlo, V. V., Slivinska, L. H., Maksymovych, I. A., Leno, M. I., Halyas, V. L. (2014). Laboratorna diahnostyka u vetery-narniy medytsyni (dovidnyk [Laboratory diagnostics in veterinary medicine (handbook)]. Lviv: Afisha, [In Ukranian]

Silva T.H., Guimaraes I., Menta P.R. et al. Effect of injectable trace mineral supplementation on peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocyte function, antioxidant enzymes, health, and performance in dairy cows in semi-arid conditions. Journal of Dairy Science. 2022. Vol. 105. I. 2. P. 1649-1660. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2021-20624.

How to Cite
Vlizlo, V. V., & Sedilo, M. I. (2022). Microelement provision of cows of the western region of Ukraine. Animal Husbandry of the Steppe of Ukraine, 1(2), 90-94. https://doi.org/10.31867/2786-6750.1.2.2022.90-94