Fisheries and fisheries development in the Pridneprovye region: problems and prospects
Based on ichthyological and fishery fees and own observations for 2015─2021 in the reservoirs of the Dnieper, the processing of official statistics obtained original data on the state of fisheries in the region. The world tendencies and tendencies of growth of consumption of fish products are analyzed. It is noted that the main trend in the development of the fishing industry is the development of aquaculture. It is proved that in recent years in the field of fisheries of the Dnieper there is a significant decline in production (2.5–4 times). Over the last 10 years, 1/3 of farms have not been able to adapt to work in the new economic conditions and have become unprofitable. In 2020, 473.149 tons of fish products were grown in Dnipropetrovsk region, which is one of the lowest figures in recent years. Not a single kilogram of fish products was obtained in pools and growing ponds.
Such facts clearly indicate the negative trends in aquaculture in the region. Growing fish is becoming a non-profit business. In the absence of any targeted state aid to fisheries, the latter will inevitably collapse. Commercial fishing (fishing) officially caught 1939.463 tons of fish and 1.131 tons of crayfish in the reservoirs of Dnipropetrovsk region. It is noted that the total value of these aquatic bioresources at the exchange price is only 10.76 million UAH. The cost of aquatic bioresources in Ukraine today is extremely low. This stimulates the development of commercial fisheries and promotes the growth of unaccounted and unaccounted for fisheries. The growing role of recreational (amateur) fishing in the use of aquatic bioresources of Ukrainian reservoirs is noted. It is proposed to introduce monthly, seasonal, annual permits for paid recreational and sport fishing: for the winter season – UAH 173; for the summer-autumn season – UAH 341.7; per year – UAH 504.9; for one month – UAH 56.1.
The cost of a permit for the summer-autumn season for a float will be UAH 235.45, for a spinner – UAH 574.26. It is noted that the estimated amount of economic contribution of amateur fishermen of the Dnieper region only for fishing permits to the budget of Ukraine can be at least 10.000.000 UAH per year. This is quite comparable to the state's profit from commercial fishing in the reservoirs of Dnipropetrovsk region. Measures to support state fisheries in the Dnieper region, improve existing approaches to fisheries and aquaculture are proposed.
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